The export/import of seeds and planting material is governed by the Export and Import(EXIM) Policy 2002-07 and amendment made therein. Restrictions on export of all cultivated varieties of seeds have been removed w.e.f. 01.04.2002, except the following.
(i) breeder or foundation or wild varieties;
(ii) onion, berseem, cashew, nux vomica, rubber, pepper cuttings, sandalwood, saffron, neem, forestry species and wild ornamental plants;
(iii) export of niger which is canalized through TRIFED, NAFED, etc.
(iv) groundnuts, exports of which is subject to compulsory registration of contract with APEDA;
The export of these seeds is restricted and is only allowed on case-to-case basis under licence issued by Director General Foreign Trade on the basis of the recommendations of Department of Agriculture and Cooperation.